Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
Edited by John R. Bryson, Jennifer Clark and Vida Vanchan
Chapter 1: Manufacturing management in theory and practice
Manufacturing management has a diverse and rich history. The evolution of management thought through the 20th century has been inextricably linked to the practices and theories of factory management. The need to organize, plan and control resources emerged with the development of the Industrial Revolution (Babbage, 1835), though initially the practice was for a very general form of enterprise management with little by way of a theory of production management. This changed with practices introduced by, and later inspired by, the work of Frederick Winslow Taylor (Taylor, 1911) and the emergence of the Scientific Management School (Urwick and Brech, 1945, 1953; Bryson, 2000). Criticized as Taylorism has been for many years, it was clearly the first attempt to derive a set of principles and practices for the management of production and thereby improve efficiency and effectiveness, to replace the general factory management of earlier years.