Migration in Britain

Migration in Britain

Paradoxes of the Present, Prospects for the Future

Tony Fielding

Migration in Britain takes a fresh look at the patterns of migration at both the regional and local levels and develops new theoretical frameworks and novel methods to explain these patterns. It anticipates British society and its internal migration flows fifty years hence in the absence of climate change, and comes to judgments about how and in what ways these migration flows might be affected by climate change.

Chapter 9: Impacts of Environmental Change on UK Internal Migration

Tony Fielding

Subjects: development studies, migration, geography, human geography, politics and public policy, migration, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, migration, urban and regional studies, migration


9.1 INTRODUCTION There is a rapidly growing literature on climate change and on social adaptations to it (for useful general references see Lu et al., 2001; Haines et al., 2006; Dow and Downing, 2007; Dowling, 2007; O’Brien et al., 2008; Schipper and Burton, 2008; Stern, 2008; ESRC, 2009; Gemenne, 2009; Karl et al., 2009; Pittock, 2009; World Bank, 2009; Conway et al., 2010, Chapter 9; Harvey, 2010; Mearns and Norton, 2010; Moser, 2010; Shove, 2010; St Antony’s International Review, 2010 (on the politics of climate change); UK: Government Office for Science, 2010). However, while a fairly exhaustive bibliographic search has yielded a rich literature on the environmental change/migration nexus (Hugo, 1996, 2008; Myers, 1997; Black, 1998; Perch-Nielsen, 2004; Unruh et al., 2004; McLeman and Smit, 2006; Renaud et al., 2007; Adamo, 2008; Black et al., 2008, 2011; Boano et al., 2008; Brown, 2008; EU, 2008; Kniveton et al., 2008; Perch-Nielsen et al., 2008; Piguet, 2008, 2010a, 2010b; Raleigh et al.,  2008; Barnett and Webber, 2009; IOM, 2009; Marchiori and Schumacher, 2009; McLeman, 2009, 2010; Morrissey, 2009; Reuveny and Moore, 2009; Tacoli, 2009; Warner et al., 2009; Afifi and Jager, 2010; Fritz, 2010; Fruhmann and Jager, 2010; Kalin, 2010; Laczko and Aghazarm, 2010; Martin, 2010; McAdam, 2010; McMichael et al., 2010; Raleigh and Jordan, 2010; Stephenson et al., 2010; Piguet and Picout, 2011; and see Lin, 2010 on the impact of environmental shocks on fertility, and Williams, 2008 on the legal status of climate-change-induced migrants), there were very few references on...

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