Migration in Britain

Migration in Britain

Paradoxes of the Present, Prospects for the Future

Tony Fielding

Migration in Britain takes a fresh look at the patterns of migration at both the regional and local levels and develops new theoretical frameworks and novel methods to explain these patterns. It anticipates British society and its internal migration flows fifty years hence in the absence of climate change, and comes to judgments about how and in what ways these migration flows might be affected by climate change.

Chapter 10: Implications for Policy

Tony Fielding

Subjects: development studies, migration, geography, human geography, politics and public policy, migration, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, migration, urban and regional studies, migration

Extract

10.1 INTRODUCTION This final chapter connects what has been discussed in Chapter 9 to two policy arenas – the national and the international. It begins by classifying the migration outcomes outlined there using the distinction between (1) outcomes that were expected to be relatively slow, and unforced, involving gradual shifts in population, which we shall call ‘mobility’; and (2) outcomes that were expected to be rapid, sudden and typically forced or at least occurred as a matter of last resort, which we shall call ‘displacement’. Each of these will then be sub-divided on the basis of whether the policy challenges are thought to be primarily technical/managerial or primarily political. 10.2 MOBILITY THAT POSES ‘TECHNICAL’ OR MANAGERIAL CHALLENGES The research and reasoning used in Chapter 9 above produced no strong expectations that environmental change would result in major shifts in the distribution of the UK population by means of ‘routine’ mobility. Migration patterns will evolve, but the driving forces will, almost totally, be economic, social and political, not environmental. The minor exceptions are: ● ● ● Small-scale migrations associated with shifts in agriculture, forestry and fishing that might reflect adjustments to dry summers, higher temperatures and the availability of irrigation (Section 9.2). Local migrations associated with the avoidance of flood risk from both rivers and sea (9.3 and 9.6). This would mostly affect flood plains of the major UK rivers and low-lying land in eastern coastal districts. Some abandonment of individual dwellings (for example, on east coast cliff tops) and small settlements located in areas...

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