Edited by Josef Drexl, Mor Bakhoum, Eleanor M. Fox, Michal S. Gal and David J. Gerber
Chapter 3: Southern African Development Community (SADC) Regional Competition Policy
Gladmore Mamhare 1. BACKGROUND The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has been in existence since 1980, when it was formed as a loose alliance of nine1 states in Southern Africa known as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), with the aim of coordinating development projects. It was transformed into a Development Community in 1992, when the Declaration and Treaty was signed, thereby giving the organization a legal character. The SADC now consists of 15 member states.2 The total population of the SADC was 277 million people in 2010 and its total gross domestic product (GDP) was US$577 billion.3 South Africa is the biggest economy in the Community, with a GDP of over US$282 billion, representing about 65 percent of the total SADC market. The largest country in terms of population is the Democratic Republic of Congo, with a population of about 61 million. In contrast, Botswana, Seychelles, Mauritius, Namibia and Swaziland each have populations of two million or less. The per capita GDP also varies widely, ranging from as high as US$7690 to as low as US$160. The average per capita GDP for the SADC region in 2010 was US$2074. The average growth in 2008 was 4.5 percent and declined to 2.7 percent in 2009, most likely due to the global ﬁnancial crisis. 1 Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. 2 Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland,...
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