Combating Corruption

Combating Corruption

Legal Approaches to Supporting Good Governance and Integrity in Africa

John Hatchard

Drawing on numerous recent examples of good and bad practice from around the continent, this insightful volume explores the legal issues involved in developing and enhancing good governance and accountability within African states, as well as addressing the need for other states worldwide to demonstrate the ‘transnational political will’ to support these efforts.

Chapter 3: Preventive measures: maintaining integrity in the public service

John Hatchard

Subjects: development studies, law and development, economics and finance, economic crime and corruption, law - academic, corruption and economic crime, human rights, law and development, regulation and governance, politics and public policy, human rights


Frederick Chiluba was President of Zambia between 1991 and 2001. During his period in office he was involved in the large scale looting of state assets from Zambia by means of a series of payments into a secret bank account called the Zamtrop account which was held at the Zambia National Commercial Bank (ZNCB) in London. The payments were kept secret as they were purportedly being used for 'national security' purposes. The account was under the control of the Director General of the Zambian Security Intelligence Services (ZSIS), one Xavier Chungu, while a compliant senior public official, one Stella Chibanda in the Ministry of Finance, arranged the money transfer. This arrangement effectively removed any independent scrutiny of the payments other than by the Auditor-General. Much of the money was then laundered through the clients' account with a firm of London solicitors, Meer Care & Desai.

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