Chapter 6: The Principle of ‘Subsidiarity’ and Asian Unification
Yao Chaocheng 1. INTRODUCTION Since the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s, East Asia has begun to integrate, forming the beginnings of a regional community to resolve security and economic disputes. Across East Asia, governments and leaders are developing their own institutions and intraregional trade patterns. They even held their first truly regional meeting, the annual East Asia Summit (EAS) in 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with the participation of ten Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members, China, Japan, Korea, India, and even two non-Asian nations, Australia and New Zealand. In subtle ways people across East Asia, like Europeans after World War II, are beginning to think of themselves as citizens of Asia. Presently the regional economic cooperation in Asia is developing fast and well with ASEAN as an axis and with the proactive participation of major Asian nations such as China, Japan, Korea and India. This process may lead to an Asian economic community in the future. While pointing to a bright prospect, the process, however, is destined to encounter significant obstacles and difficulties, as Asia is too large and too diverse in terms of culture, religion, political systems and economic strengths to allow for easy community-building. Samuel Huntingdon predicted that the ‘cultural fault lines’ among some Asian nations would be difficult to repair and overcome (Huntington 1999). Daniel Twining (2010) commented that economically Asian nations may go together, but socially and politically shall still be divided from each other. Others have argued that the most immediate...
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