Research Handbooks in Environmental Law series
Edited by Rosemary Rayfuse
Chapter 13: Marine protected areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction
Marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) represent approximately half of the planet’s surface and are critical providers of the ecosystem services on which humanity depends; yet only a tiny fraction of these areas are currently the subject of effective conservation measures. This chapter examines the current status of efforts to designate Marine protected areas (MPAs) in ABNJ, summarizing the legal and practical challenges and examining the efforts of regional and international sectoral bodies. The chapter then assesses the potential role that a new international agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ could play in the designation and management of MPAs.
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