Chapter 9: Intermodal transport
During the 1990s increased emphasis was put on the need to achieve intermodality in order to shift the balance between modes, away from road-based passenger and freight transport towards other modes. Intermodalism or intermodality imply the use of at least two different modes of transport in an integrated manner in a door-to-do or transport chain. Intermodalism is not limited to the promotion of a modal shift from road to other modes. It also stands for the sustainable development of and improvements in the transport chain through the optimal usage of different modes in combination, without modal shift. Intermodal transport, in the context of seamless movements of goods from origin to destination by two or more modes, is a growing component of the transport sector. With heightened emphasis on increased productivity and efficiency in the transportation industry, the importance placed by the manufacturing and service sectors on such concepts as just-in-time, the shift towards e-business, and the ever-increasing movement towards a global economy, mode-specific approaches are no longer able to meet the needs of shippers, manufacturers and consumers effectively.
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