Table of Contents

International Law and Freshwater

International Law and Freshwater

The Multiple Challenges

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, Christina Leb and Mara Tignino

International Law and Freshwater connects recent legal developments through the breadth and synergies of a multidisciplinary analysis. It addresses such critical issues as water security, the right to water, international cooperation and dispute resolution, State succession to transboundary watercourse treaties, and facets of international economic law, including trade in ‘virtual water’ and the impacts of ‘land grabs’.

Chapter 15: Virtual water, “land grab” and international law

Ellen Hey

Subjects: environment, environmental law, water, law - academic, environmental law, public international law, water law


The content of a cup of coffee consists of about 7 grams of coffee and about 125 milliliters of water. It took in the order of 140 liters of water (virtual water) to grow, produce, pack and ship the coffee from, for example, Brazil, Ethiopia or Indonesia to, for example, Europe.

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