Water Governance

Water Governance

An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures

Edited by Asanga Gunawansa and Lovleen Bhullar

This insightful book explores urban water governance challenges in different parts of the world and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of publicly run, privatized, and public–private partnership managed water facilities.

Chapter 15: Good governance of water: the final analysis

Sonia Ferdous Hoque and Asanga Gunawansa

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, environmental economics, environmental governance and regulation, water


The importance of appropriate governance structures for efficient provision of water supply and sanitation services to the rapidly growing urban population in developed and developing countries has been highlighted throughout this book. As explained in Chapter 1, water governance architectures are not only tied to either public or private sector, but have evolved to include a range of arrangements between these two extremes. Chapter 1 also provides a detailed overview of the evolution of urban water governance architectures over the last two centuries in relation to the global economic and political situation and dominant international ideologies. Although much focus has been given to the privatization wave of the 1980s and 1990s, as substantiated by the mass of literature on this topic and the active involvement of international and multilateral organizations, in Chapter 2 Perard has pointed out that private participation in the urban water sector is neither a new phenomenon nor a new mode for service delivery. Historical analysis reveals that the involvement of the private sector in water supply has fluctuated over long periods of time and has shown spatial variation.

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