Table of Contents

Handbook of Conflict Management Research

Handbook of Conflict Management Research

Elgar original reference

Edited by Oluremi B. Ayoko, Neal M. Ashkanasy and Karen A. Jehn

This unique book draws together current thoughts and research in conflict management. Specifically, it brings a wealth of knowledge from authorities in the field on emerging issues such as power in conflict, cognition and emotions in conflict, leading conflict from multiple perspectives and cultural orientations, the role of context in conflict and the teaching of conflict management. Altogether, the Handbook provides a critical avenue for researchers and practitioners’ continued engagement in conflict research and management theory.

Chapter 17: Anger at work: Examining organizational anger norms’ impact on anger expression outcomes

Ronald R. Callister, Barbara Gray, Donald E. Gibson, Maurice E. Schweitzer and Joo Seng Tan

Subjects: business and management, organisational behaviour, strategic management


Expressions of anger impact both individual and social outcomes. A single expression of anger can yield both positive and negative outcomes of conflict. We find that anger norms regarding the appropriateness of anger expressions play a critical role in moderating the consequences of anger expressions. We use a qualitative theory-building approach to examine anger expressions, norms, and outcomes across a range of organizations. We identify an anger context continuum (ACC): anger expression norms range from anger-suppression (expressions of anger are inappropriate) to anger-legitimating norms (expressions of anger are well accepted). Anger expression norms play a role in moderating the outcomes of anger expressions. Anger expressions yield positive outcomes, but this occurs less frequently in anger-suppression settings. However, in many organizations, display rules are implicit and inconsistent. In these situations many individuals import display rules from previous professional and personal experience. This study of anger norms and expressions provides insights to better understand conflict management.

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