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Edited by Hugh Dyer and Maria Julia Trombetta
Chapter 13: Energy security governance in light of the Energy Charter process
Policy and academic discussions about energy security open an important debate about possibilities and limits of energy security governance (Goldthau, 2012; Kuzemko et al, 2012). Therefore, this chapter aims to assess opportunities for energy security governance in the context of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), and subsequent and alternative documents. Since the oil shocks of 1973, energy relations between states have been primarily viewed from a security perspective, which considers states to be in a permanent struggle for access to resources and infrastructures (Waltz, 1979, 177–179). According to this state-centred view, energy security is a factor in the unpredictability of international relations, especially for countries dependant on external energy supplies. Recently, much analysis has concentrated on EU-Russia energy relations, where the security dimension has a particular flavour (Kuzemko et al, 2012; Belyi, 2012). More particularly, the issue of the ECT has been discussed in light of EU-Russia energy security relations (Yafimava, 2011). The development of an international legal framework would aim to reduce the level of geopolitical clashes between energy producing, consuming and transit countries. Nevertheless, the emergence of the Energy Charter did not greatly diminish traditional antagonistic energy security relations, although an international framework was developed.
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