Urban Competitiveness and Innovation

Urban Competitiveness and Innovation

Edited by Pengfei Ni and Zheng Qiongjie

Against the backdrop of today’s climate of economic globalization and the rapid development of information, this timely book explores the complex concept of competitiveness between cities. The expert contributors illustrate that innovation is a prerequisite for increasing urban competitiveness, and highlight the various ways that urban innovation-based competitiveness can be approached.

Chapter 2: Chinese cities and global urban competitiveness

Pengfei Ni, Wei Shaokun, Liu Kai and Zheng Qiongjie

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, public sector economics, urban economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, urban and regional studies, urban economics

Extract

Half of the global population are now living in cities, human beings are entering an era of urbanization, and cities are becoming the main location for working and living. Since the 1990s, technological information and economic globalization have comprehensively altered temporal and spatial concepts, decisions and arrangements concerning the global economy, technology, and social activities. Global cities are becoming increasingly important, and international competition among cities is becoming more fierce. Improving the environment of cities, attracting more talent, industry, technology and investment to benefit people, and promoting global urban competitiveness (GUC) has become a central issue for mayors, enterprises and people worldwide. This chapter is arranged as follows. Section 2.2 first introduces the conceptual framework and method of analysis; and second, describes how our 69 Chinese cities were selected from a sample of 500 cities worldwide. In Section 2.3, we compare four factors from the perspective of competitive output, input, and processñthe value system, environmental elements, the industry chain system and future potentialñand examine the status of Chinese cities among the worldís most competitive cities. Finally, in Section 2.4, we make some policy suggestions for promoting urban competitiveness.

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