Chapter 7: Innovation in urban policy: collaboration rather than competition between cities
It is now widely accepted that there is competition between cities for a variety of resources and for some events. In a globalizing world, there is competition for an enhanced share of global corporate and public investment in enterprises and infrastructure. Populations, especially skilled and creative workers, are increasingly mobile and cities will compete to attract them often through enhanced quality of life. Corporate enterprises are now much more mobile, partly because they have been more dependent on the transmission of information and knowledge to conduct their business, and partly because they are more likely to regard the world as their market and source rather than merely local or regional catchment areas. Competition has been fostered by the growth of multinational free-trade areas such as the European Single Market and NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), and by national bodies such as the UK Monopolies and Mergers Commission. Porter (1998) argued that cities can compete in the way that firms and nation states compete, albeit by using different strategies and measuring their competitive success in terms of different objectives. Krugman (1991) argued that cities do not compete because they do not have a single decision-making body (such as a corporate board of management or a national government with powers over interest or exchange rates), but his views have largely been superseded by a volume of work stressing the role of competition and competitiveness between cities (Begg, 2002).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.