Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation series
Edited by Larry Kreiser, Ana Yábar Sterling, Pedro Herrera, Janet E. Milne and Hope Ashiabor
Chapter 5: Environmental concern and sustainability: when citizens assess urban mobility, do they consider the environment?
Every work day in the city of Málaga (Spain) 1,160,000 trips are made (2.2 trips per person per day). The metropolitan area of Sevilla stands at 2,900,000 daily trips. A very high percentage of the trips are made by car or motorcycle (49.7 per cent in Málaga and 53.9 per cent in the metropolitan area of Sevilla) (OMM, 2011). The distribution of modes of transportation can be broken down according to the purpose of travel (work, studies, leisure, etc.) and depending on the place of reference (origin and destination). However, most combinations detected a marked dominance of private motorized modes (car and motorcycle) over other modes considered more sustainable (OMM, 2011). This has fuelled a series of negative consequences (air pollution, occupation of public space and fragmentation of the land, noise pollution, etc.) which has relocated mobility management as one of the cornerstones in building environmentally friendly cities.
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