Table of Contents

Polar Geopolitics?

Polar Geopolitics?

Knowledges, Resources and Legal Regimes

Edited by Richard C. Powell and Klaus Dodds

The polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctic) have enjoyed widespread public attention in recent years, as issues of conservation, sustainability, resource speculation and geopolitical manoeuvring have all garnered considerable international media interest. This critical collection of new and original papers – the first of its kind – offers a comprehensive exploration of these and other topics, consolidating the emergent field of polar geopolitics.

Chapter 15: Making sense of contemporary Greenland: indigeneity, resources and sovereignty

Jeppe Strandsbjerg

Subjects: environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, politics and public policy, international politics, international relations

Extract

On 14 August 2007 a group of residents from Nuuk, the capital of Greenland, were collecting rubies on FiskenÊsset when an approaching helicopter interrupted them. The helicopter carried police and representatives from the Greenlandic Bureau of Minerals and Petroleum (BMP), a body that plays a significant role in Greenlandís efforts to expand public revenues from mineral and petroleum deposits. The ruby collectors were barred from the area, and later complained that their indigenous rights to gather resources from the land were compromised by the actions of the Nuuk-based government. This incident brings to the fore one aspect of contemporary Arctic geopolitics where Arctic states, outside states, indigenous people, international organizations and multinational companies all seek to define an Arctic region and rights over land, water and resources. At the time, the right to exploit mineral resources was a ëshared issueí between Denmark and Greenland. The 2007 incident could be explained within an overarching history of colonial governance by Denmark. More recently, a new constitutional settlement between Denmark and Greenland led to the ëSelf Ruleí agreement in 2009, and this established that property rights and the rights of exploiting the land falls to Greenland (Gr¯nlandsk-dansk selvstyrekommission 2008).The Ombudsman in Greenland subsequently criticized BMPís handling of the case, but without issuing a judgement on the legality of the activities of the stone collectors (Landstingets Ombudsmand 2009).

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