Global and Development Perspectives
International Handbooks on Gender series
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 5: Gender, Andean migration and development: analytical challenges and political debates
In the context of the European Union, Spain has been the most important recipient of Latin American and Caribbean migration since 2000 (Lópezde Lera and Oso, 2007). This fact is especially significant when we look at the Andean countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru since, by2011, these four countries represented 16.8 per cent of the foreign population residing in Spain. Within these national groups the data for 2012indicate that the immigration figure for Bolivian women represented 59per cent, Colombian women 58 per cent, Ecuadorian women 52.3 per cent, and Peruvian women 54.1 per cent (INE, 2012). Scientific literature has reflected a great deal of interest in understanding this South–North female migration as a result of the transformation of structural factors linked to the global economy’s development and the dislocation of productive activities on an international scale.
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