Table of Contents

The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism

The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism

Global and Development Perspectives

International Handbooks on Gender series

Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos

The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism represents a state-of-the-art review of the critical importance of the links between gender and migration in a globalising world. It draws on original, largely field-based contributions by authors across a range of disciplinary provenances worldwide.

Chapter 5: Gender, Andean migration and development: analytical challenges and political debates

Almudena Cortés

Subjects: development studies, development economics, family and gender policy, migration, economics and finance, development economics, geography, human geography, politics and public policy, migration, social policy and sociology, family and gender policy, migration, urban and regional studies, migration


In the context of the European Union, Spain has been the most important recipient of Latin American and Caribbean migration since 2000 (Lópezde Lera and Oso, 2007). This fact is especially significant when we look at the Andean countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru since, by2011, these four countries represented 16.8 per cent of the foreign population residing in Spain. Within these national groups the data for 2012indicate that the immigration figure for Bolivian women represented 59per cent, Colombian women 58 per cent, Ecuadorian women 52.3 per cent, and Peruvian women 54.1 per cent (INE, 2012). Scientific literature has reflected a great deal of interest in understanding this South–North female migration as a result of the transformation of structural factors linked to the global economy’s development and the dislocation of productive activities on an international scale.

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