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The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism

The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism

Global and Development Perspectives

International Handbooks on Gender series

Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos

The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism represents a state-of-the-art review of the critical importance of the links between gender and migration in a globalising world. It draws on original, largely field-based contributions by authors across a range of disciplinary provenances worldwide.

Chapter 16: Towards a gender-sensitive approach to remittances in Ecuador

Diana Mata-Codesal

Subjects: development studies, development economics, family and gender policy, migration, economics and finance, development economics, geography, human geography, politics and public policy, migration, social policy and sociology, family and gender policy, migration, urban and regional studies, migration


In the era of globalization, migrants’ remittances are pictured as the most reliable source for funding development many countries have. Unsurprisingly then, remittances have been assigned a central place in the so-called ‘migration–development nexus’. They are currently a fashionable topic in both political and academic milieus where they are usually portrayed in a very positive light. However, against a background of over enthusiastic discourses and grand images of remittances, it is clear that there is a need for sharper research questions and more contextualized analyses on the topic. This is even more urgent in the case of discussions of remittances in relation to gender. As Morokvasic pointed almost three decades ago, women are also birds of passage (1984). Not only are migrant women receiving more scholarly attention since Phizacklea edited her book about migrant women (1983), but there is also growing recognition that migration and remittances are highly gendered social processes (King et al., 2004, p. 33).

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