Coordinating Urban and Rural Development in China

Coordinating Urban and Rural Development in China

Learning from Chengdu

Ye Yumin and Richard LeGates

This detailed study offers a succinct yet comprehensive introduction to China’s crucial policy to coordinate urban and rural development. It describes the theoretical, political, and economic reasons why China allowed a large gap between urban and rural incomes, public services, and quality of life to emerge, and the recent national and local government efforts to narrow this inequality.

Chapter 6: Equalizing public services

Ye Yumin and Richard LeGates

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, asian urban and regional studies, development studies, asian development, development studies, urban and regional studies, urban studies

Extract

Basic public services provide security and a social safety net for the poor, elderly, sick, and others in times of need. In market economies, provision of basic public services makes up for market failure. Most Western economists feel that, as public goods, basic public services should be non-excludable and non-competitive– so that no individual user is excluded and an individual user’s usage of the public services should not reduce its availability to others. In China basic public services are based on the constitution and laws and delivered through a variety of institutional arrangements and mechanisms. The level of public services different levels of government in China feel they can and should provide is based on the level of socioeconomic development in the jurisdiction and ideology about the proper role of government versus markets (Chen and Yuezhou, 2007). Generally the level of public services increases with socioeconomic development.

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