The first half of the twenty-first century is a critical period for speeding up China’s industrialization, urbanization, and modernization, and for building a well-off society. After China’s reform and opening up beginning in 1978, China’s socioeconomic development has made great progress, making a significant contribution to the prosperity and development of China and the rest of the world. However, China’s development pathway from 1978 until close to the present time has taken the city as virtually the only focus for development and made economic growth the goal beyond all else. This urban-centered growth-only philosophy has led to serious social conflict and problems that are hindering sustainable socioeconomic development in China. A particularly severe problem is the growing urban–rural gap and the resultant large-scale unstable floating population. Many other developing countries are experiencing similar pressures and opportunities and have embarked on development paths more or less like China’s.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.