The Governance of Energy Megaprojects

The Governance of Energy Megaprojects

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

Based on extensive original research, this book explores the technical, social, political, and economic dimensions of four Asian energy megaprojects: a regional natural gas pipeline network in Southeast Asia, a series of hydroelectric dams on the island of Borneo, an oil pipeline linking Europe with the Caspian Sea, and a very large solar energy array in the Gobi desert.

Chapter 5: The Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE)

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

Subjects: economics and finance, regional economics, environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation


Sarawak is one of the two Malaysian states on the tropical island of Borneo. After World War II, the area—formerly an independent state under British protection—became a British colony. But the native Malays resisted cession to Britain, going so far as to assassinate the second British governor, Sir Duncan George Stewart, in December 1949. Sarawak officially gained its independence in 1963 and joined with Malaya, Sabah and Singapore to form the federation of Malaysia. Today, it is Malaysia’s largest state, situated on the northwest corner of Borneo, nearly surrounding the nation of Brunei. Sarawak, as part of one of the world’s 17 mega biodiverse areas, is known for its rich natural heritage including more than 8,000 unique types of flora and 20,000 species of fauna, inclusive of the world’s largest butterfly, the biggest flower, and the most extensive cave system. A dominant feature of its landscape is its extensive riverine system, comprising 55 rivers with a combined length of approximately 5,000 kilometers of which 3,300 kilometers are navigable. As with the rest of Malaysia, the population of Sarawak is multi-ethnic and multi-religious. The largest ethnic groups comprise the Iban, Chinese, Malays and Melanaus. In total, there are 27 distinct indigenous ethnic groups that speak 45 different languages and dialects, each with unique cultures and traditions.

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