A Developing Country Perspective
Edited by Pushpam Kumar and Ibrahim Thiaw
Chapter 8: Exploring the potential of payments for ecosystem services for in-situ agrobiodiversity conservation
Despite their crucial role in sustainable agricultural practices by contributing to agro biodiversity conservation services, many traditional plant and animal genetic resources (PAGR) are lost at increasing rates from agricultural landscapes worldwide (Perrings et al. 2006; FAO 2007a; Hajjar et al. 2008). There are many different demand and supply factors leading to a loss of agro biodiversity on farms (Bellon 2004; Kontoleon et al. 2008). Demand for traditional PAGR decreases if inputs become available that facilitate the cultivation of commercial crops. Improved access to safety nets and non-farm incomes lowers the benefit from using traditional PAGR as a natural insurance mechanism. The supply of seeds and breeds of traditional PAGR is negatively affected by increased reliance on commercial farming systems, out-migration and erosion of traditional customs and exchange networks. We hypothesize that, in the main, farmers tend to replace a diverse pool of traditional crop varieties (also known as landraces) and livestock breeds with a few more financially profitable ‘improved’ (commercial) varieties and breeds, owing to the fact that incentives are often biased towards the latter, and that markets tend not to capture the public values of many agro biodiversity conservation services (Gruère et al. 2008).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.