A Developing Country Perspective
Edited by Pushpam Kumar and Ibrahim Thiaw
Chapter 10: Institution and ecosystem functions: the case of Keti Bunder, Pakistan
A consensus exists among conservation biologists that the Earth is entering a period where loss of biodiversity will be on the scale of the five major extinction episodes during the past 600 million years of complex life. It is no exaggeration to say that human activity within the past 100 years has drastically altered the course of evolution. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that a quarter of mammal species face extinction (Gilbert 2008). At least 12 per cent of birds are threatened, together with 30 per cent of amphibians and 5 per cent of reptiles. Particularly alarming is the state of the world’s oceans and coastal areas.
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