Edited by David Cole, Federico Fabbrini and Arianna Vedaschi
Chapter 8: Managing secrecy and its migration in a post-9/11 world
Secrecy has emerged as a different type of legal and political problem since 9/11. Secrecy has always presented a threat to fairness and to transparent governance. Governments have always had an incentive to overclaim secrecy. Nevertheless, the post-9/11 focus on terrorism has changed the nature of the competing interests. In the Cold War era, secret information could generally remain secret forever so long as it was not leaked to the other side. Secret information was used to inform the strategic decisions of both sides and as a basis for removing suspected spies from a country or removing their security clearances. Such spies, however, were rarely prosecuted and they were not detained on the basis of secret evidence. Courts generally deferred to the government’s claims of secrecy and did not attempt to reconcile the competing values of secrecy and disclosure. Today, secrecy is more complex and challenging. In the immediate aftermath of 9/11, many democracies used secret evidence that was not disclosed to the detainee or the public to justify military and immigration detention. Such secret evidence is now used to justify targeting decisions under the US’s program for killing suspected terrorists with drones. The Security Council of the United Nations, as well as most domestic executives, use secret evidence to blacklist individuals and groups suspected of involvement in al Qaeda and the Taliban. Courts no longer blindly defer to governmental claims of secrecy. The creation of many new terrorist crimes designed to prevent terrorism means that what was once intelligence that could always remain secret
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.