Social Protection, Economic Growth and Social Change

Social Protection, Economic Growth and Social Change

Goals, Issues and Trajectories in China, India, Brazil and South Africa

Edited by James Midgley and David Piachaud

This highly original and thought-provoking book examines the recent expansion of social protection in China, India, Brazil and South Africa – four countries experiencing rapid economic growth and social change.

Chapter 12: The future of social protection in Brazil

Francesca Bastagli and Fabio Veras Soares

Subjects: development studies, development economics, development studies, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, social policy in emerging countries


This chapter identifies Brazil’s current social protection challenges and discusses the possible responses in moving forward, focusing on issues of coverage, adequacy and sustainability. The chapter is structured as follows. First, it identifies the primary imbalances and gaps of Brazil’s social protection system today and discusses these against the primary objectives of social protection, which are understood to include both social assistance and insurance objectives such as poverty reduction and redistribution and income or consumption-smoothing over the lifetime. Second, it examines recent developments in three ‘macro’ areas of direct relevance to the future of social protection policy in Brazil: economic growth, demographic structure and the labour market. The third section reviews the main current debates around social protection design and financing in considering the future development of social protection in Brazil. The final section concludes.

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