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Federal Rivers

Federal Rivers

Managing Water in Multi-Layered Political Systems

Edited by Dustin E. Garrick, George R.M. Anderson, Daniel Connell and Jamie Pittock

This groundbreaking book provides a comparative perspective on water and federalism across multiple countries. Through a collection of case studies, this book explores the water management experiences and lessons learned in ten federal countries and China. The territorial division of power in federations, plus the interconnected politics at the national and regional levels, present a classic governance test for waters shared across multiple political jurisdictions. This is increasingly important as democratic transitions have introduced or invigorated federalism across diverse contexts affecting more than 300 major river basins, including over half of the world’s international rivers.

Chapter 8: Main challenges and responses to federalism and water security in Brazil

Ana Carolina Coelho, Benedito Braga, Rodrigo Flecha, Nelson Freitas and Osman F. da Silva

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, water, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


Water resources are among Brazilís most valuable natural resources. Indeed, water resources management was given more attention with the establishment of the National Water Resources Management System in 1997. In fact, as a federative republic with contrasting river basin systems, integrated water resources management in Brazil depends on federal states and national governments to adopt cooperative approaches, according to regional particularities. Water security risks require that cooperation and integration strategies be even more emphasized. In this sense, this chapter discusses some alternatives being applied in Brazil ñ in general ñ and at the Doce River Basin ñ more specifically ñ as mechanisms to address integrated water resources management challenges and minimize water security risks.

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