Table of Contents

Federal Rivers

Federal Rivers

Managing Water in Multi-Layered Political Systems

Edited by Dustin E. Garrick, George R.M. Anderson, Daniel Connell and Jamie Pittock

This groundbreaking book provides a comparative perspective on water and federalism across multiple countries. Through a collection of case studies, this book explores the water management experiences and lessons learned in ten federal countries and China. The territorial division of power in federations, plus the interconnected politics at the national and regional levels, present a classic governance test for waters shared across multiple political jurisdictions. This is increasingly important as democratic transitions have introduced or invigorated federalism across diverse contexts affecting more than 300 major river basins, including over half of the world’s international rivers.

Chapter 17: Watershed management in Tai Lake Basin in China

Ke Jian

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, water, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy

Extract

Water pollution often goes beyond administrative boundaries and can constitute a threat to peopleís survival, social security and sustainable development, so the Chinese government at different levels and the public have begun to regard the prevention and control of water pollution not only within an administrative jurisdiction but also in a transboundary watershed context as a high priority. The Tai Lake Basin is situated in one of the most economically developed areas in China and it has witnessed rapid industrialization and urbanization. This has caused the degradation of water quality, however, at huge environmental, economic and social cost. A drinking water pollution incident in Wuxi City in 2007 caused great astonishment. To cope with the pollution crises in the Tai Lake Basin, the Chinese government at the national and provincial level launched a variety of legal and political campaigns. In 2011 the State Council of China promulgated and enforced the Regulation on Administration of the Tai Lake River Basin.

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