Table of Contents

Federal Rivers

Federal Rivers

Managing Water in Multi-Layered Political Systems

Edited by Dustin E. Garrick, George R.M. Anderson, Daniel Connell and Jamie Pittock

This groundbreaking book provides a comparative perspective on water and federalism across multiple countries. Through a collection of case studies, this book explores the water management experiences and lessons learned in ten federal countries and China. The territorial division of power in federations, plus the interconnected politics at the national and regional levels, present a classic governance test for waters shared across multiple political jurisdictions. This is increasingly important as democratic transitions have introduced or invigorated federalism across diverse contexts affecting more than 300 major river basins, including over half of the world’s international rivers.

Chapter 18: China's federal river management - the example of the Han River

Lan Fang

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, water, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


China is short of water and water resources are unevenly distributed. Southern Chinaís Yangtze River Basin is rich in water resources, northern Chinaís Yellow River Basin possesses 60 per cent of Chinaís landmass, but holds merely 20 per cent of the nationís water resources. To alleviate the northern and northwestern water shortage, the massive South-to-North-Water-Diversion (SNWD) project is being constructed. The project consists of three routes. The East Route Project (ERP) transfers water from the downstream Yangtze River to East Chinaís Shandong Province through the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and other parallel river ways. The West Route Project (WRP) will transfer water from the upstream of the Yangtze River on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the upstream of the Yellow River. Due to its construction difficulties and huge costs, the WRP is still being planned. The Middle Route Project (MRP) diverts water from the Han River, the largest tributary of the Yangtze River, to North Chinaís Henan and Hebei Provinces and Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities. The MRP will commence operations in 2015 and ultimately transfer 9.5 billion m3 annually, benefiting a population of 35 million.

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