Chapter 1: Introduction: security and development
In an increasingly interconnected world, progress in the areas of development, security and human rights must go hand in hand. There will be no development without security and no security without development. And both development and security also depend on respect for human rights and the rule of law. UN Secretary General, 2005 As the Arab Spring swept across North Africa in 2001, the World Bank issued the World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development (World Bank 2011). This recognized something that the international community had been grappling with for some time, namely that repeated cycles of violent conflict whether through wars, criminality or civil conflict, directly and negatively affects development. This chapter outlines the nature of current debates in the subject and establishes an overarching framework within which to locate the chapters that follow. It begins to investigate what is meant by the terms security and development and the framework that currently affects thinking on violence and conflict in the developing world and its relationship to development. In order to fully appreciate the chapters within this handbook to security and development, it is necessary to understand how we got to where we are and to have some shared concepts, even if those terms are effectively contested just within this volume let alone more broadly. However contentious the terms themselves are, the policy implications of placing them together are equally problematic.