Table of Contents

Handbook of International Security and Development

Handbook of International Security and Development

Edited by Paul Jackson

The Handbook of International Security and Development provides a survey of current thinking within the field of security and development. With a wide range of chapters that offer a guide to the core approaches, methods and issues, this book explores the links between the two and includes contributions from both practitioners and academics. With topics ranging from the politics of aid by remote control through to intervention and the re-establishment of security and demobilisation of combatants, this Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the literature and approaches used in the field of security and development.

Chapter 2: On the nature of disagreements regarding the causes of civil war

Syed Mansoob Murshed

Subjects: development studies, development studies, law - academic, terrorism and security law, politics and public policy, international politics, terrorism and security

Extract

As with many contentious issues, there is a ‘Rashomon’ effect governing perceptions about the causes of violent internal conflict in developing countries, and its dominant form, civil war. Different analytical perspectives and theoretical biases engender disagreements about the various factors that concatenate to produce civil war and mass violence in developing countries. The disagreements tend to centre on the relative importance of inequality (or grievances), the desire to control contestable resource rents (or greed) and weak state capacity (or state failure). In reality, all three may simultaneously co-exist, and the relative weight of any of these factors may alter as individual conflicts evolve.In the context of disagreements about the nature of development, Kanbur (2001) points out that many of the differences stem from variable units of analysis, as well as disciplinary orientations (economics or rational choice approaches versus the other social sciences). For example, economic growth may have taken place in the aggregate national economy raising per capita income for the country as a whole. But in certain geographical regions or in some economic sectors average income may have declined. Even when poverty declines at the national level, it may rise in certain areas. Thus, to the analyst of a deprived region, progress at the national level seems somewhat hollow. More importantly, to the analyst of the deprived region there is development failure; to those interpreting aggregate national data successful development appears to have taken place.

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