Chapter 13: When security and development meet: security sector reform in Sierra Leone
Since the 1990s Sierra Leone has in international development debates become synonymous with state building through security sector reform (SSR). It has frequently been used as an example of how an external intervention, combining security and development, can be successful in reasserting both state and human security (Evans et al. 2002; Fitzgerald 2004; Ginifer and Oliver 2004; Malan et al. 2004; OECD 2005; Albrecht and Jackson 2009). However, as this chapter argues, through the use of SSR as a development tool, a particular variety of the state was promoted that did not take into account the nature of political power in Sierra Leone. This chapter highlights strengths and weaknesses in the approach taken by the UK to rebuild the Sierra Leonean state through SSR. It thereby provides insight into a primary example of an intervention that interlinked security and development at its very core. It is argued that the strong focus on rebuilding a state by establishing the country’s internal and external security providers may very well prove to be both the greatest strength and, in the longer term, the greatest weakness of SSR. The chapter begins by outlining the context in which the intervention took place. It then outlines the key role of the state during the conflict and in the post-conflict environment, where the intervening agents faced a series of choices regarding what needed to be constructed in the aftermath of war and in the context of state collapse.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.