Table of Contents

Gender in Organizations

Gender in Organizations

Are Men Allies or Adversaries to Women’s Career Advancement?

Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Debra A. Major

Diversifying the workforce is becoming increasingly important, with gender equality being a central feature of overall equality. Men seem to be part of the problem and a necessary part of the solution. This collection ties these themes together in the context of talent management and organizational effectiveness.

Chapter 9: Is this a man's world? Obstacles to women's success in male-typed domains

Suzette Caleo and Madeline E. Heilman

Subjects: business and management, diversity and management, gender and management, organisational behaviour


Today, women remain under-represented in many traditionally male fields. Although this disparity has declined in the past decades, it remains especially apparent in high-level positions. Women, for instance, comprise only 4 percent of Fortune 500 CEOs, 20 percent of full professors in the natural sciences, and 11 percent of engineers (Catalyst, 2013a; National Science Foundation, 2013). In accounting for the lack of women in these areas, researchers argue that gender stereotypes play a major role in inhibiting womenís career progress (Eagly and Karau, 2002; Heilman, 2012). In this chapter, we discuss the ways in which stereotypes not only create barriers for women attempting to prove their worth in male-typed domains, but also generate further difficulties for those women who have already done so. We also consider a growing body of evidence that documents the kinds of obstacles that women encounter when working in traditionally male jobsñbarriers that restrict their advancement prior to, during, and after demonstrating their success. Decades of research support the notion that stereotypical beliefs about men and women exist in the workplace (Heilman et al., 1989; Schein, 2001), and recent evidence suggests that these stereotypes continue to persist (Hentschel et al., 2013). In short, the content of gender stereotypes dictates that men are agentic (e.g., achievement oriented, dominant, aggressive, and ambitious) and that women are communal (e.g., relationship oriented, warm, kind, and interpersonally sensitive).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information