Table of Contents

Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions

Edited by Kristian Borch, Sandra Dingli and Michael Søgaard Jørgensen

This illuminating book combines theory and practice to analyse the experiences and impacts of foresight activities in various European countries. It includes case studies with a focus on different societal issues including national development, science and technology, and sustainable development.

Chapter 2: Interactions between foresight and decision-making

Peter De Smedt

Subjects: innovation and technology, innovation policy, politics and public policy, public policy


Globalization results in increased flows of goods, resources, people, information and ideas over larger distances with interactions operating at various scales (Young et al., 2006). The growing interferences and pace of changes are increasing the necessity for new forms of knowledge in order to underpin policy change and innovation. Issues such as demographic change, competitiveness, energy, environmental problems, social inclusiveness and equity all have long-term implications. Coherent and coordinated thinking about the future is essential in this increasingly complex global environment. However, the certainties about society are dissolving and there is little guidance on how to act. Individuals and organizations are forced to take standpoints and to make choices on the basis of uncertain knowledge and diverse opinions (H_ijer et al., 2006). This complexity challenges the capacity of humankind to learn from experience and to create a shared vision of a better world (Welp et al., 2006). With respect to the globalization of a fast-moving world, the complex relationships between endogenous and exogenous processes are easier to conceptualize than to identify via quantitative assessments (Young et al., 2006).

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