Table of Contents

Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions

Edited by Kristian Borch, Sandra Dingli and Michael Søgaard Jørgensen

This illuminating book combines theory and practice to analyse the experiences and impacts of foresight activities in various European countries. It includes case studies with a focus on different societal issues including national development, science and technology, and sustainable development.

Chapter 9: Dialogues in the COOL Project

Serge I.P. Stalpers and Carolien Kroeze

Subjects: innovation and technology, innovation policy, politics and public policy, public policy


The Climate Options for the Long-term (COOL) Project is a participatory integrated assessment (PIA) comprising extensive dialogues at three levels: national, European and global. The objective of the COOL Project was to ‘develop strategic notions on how to achieve drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands in the long term, in a European and global context, by using a participatory approach’ (Van de Kerkhof, 2004: 93). A secondary objective of the project was to further develop PIA methodology. This chapter focuses on the COOL National and European Dialogues as an illustration of the participatory backcasting analysis in a broad socio-economic foresight project that incorporates not only technical and economic aspects of policy options but also social implications. The global dialogue is not covered because of a lack of documentation on the process, and because the results of the global dialogue had little impact on the National and European Dialogues.

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