Accessibility and Spatial Interaction

Accessibility and Spatial Interaction

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Ana Condeço-Melhorado, Aura Reggiani and Javier Gutiérrez

The concept of accessibility is linked to the level of opportunities available for spatial interaction (flows of people, goods or information) between a set of locations, through a physical and/or digital transport infrastructure network. Accessibility has proved to be a crucial tool for understanding the framework of sustainability policy in light of best practice planning and decision-making processes. Methods such as cost–benefit analysis, multi-criteria analysis and risk analysis can benefit greatly from embedding accessibility results. This book presents a cohesive collection of recent studies, modeling and discussing spatial interaction by means of accessibility indicators

Chapter 10: Location, accessibility and firm-level productivity in Spain

Adelheid Holl

Subjects: economics and finance, public sector economics, transport, geography, cities, urban and regional studies, transport


This chapter presents an empirical analysis of the relation between location characteristics and productivity using Spanish firm-level data. Both urban agglomeration and better transport accessibility can provide firms with access to denser and larger markets, and thus help firms to improve efficiency and increase productivity. The analysis distinguishes different location characteristics at the spatially detailed level of municipalities: local population size, local population density, and access to markets in other locations captured through a transport infrastructure-based market potential measure. The results show a significant positive productivity effect of all three location characteristics tested. However, at the geographically detailed level of municipalities, location measures based on transport accessibility better capture the benefits of location.

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