New Developments and Beyond
Edited by Jon C. Messenger and Naj Ghosheh
Chapter 7: Work sharing as a potential policy tool for creating more and better employment: A review of the evidence
‘Work sharing’, generally, is considered to be any type of policy-induced, downward adjustment of working time. Work sharing falls into two types. One is when it is designed to induce a permanent reduction in the length of work hours among all, or large subsets, of workers, in the form of shorter weekly or annual hours. These reductions may take the form of shortened standard or legal workweeks (hours after which is considered ‘overtime’), hard limits on the duration of workers’ annual, weekly or daily overtime work hours, or annual leave periods or various other forms of paid time off. The second type of work sharing is designed to induce reductions in work hours that may be temporary, including those triggered by economic crises, such as government programmes designed for the purpose of preventing or postponing planned layoffs by employers, to preserve employment or curb increases in unemployment. Such temporary work-sharing measures are usually adopted, or if already in place promoted, during a cyclical downturn, such as the recent global financial crisis and subsequent worldwide recession.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.