Chapter 16: Public attitudes to wildlife use by Indigenous Australians: conservation issues, marketing and the economic viability of Aboriginal wildlife enterprises
In the previous chapter, a sample of Brisbane residents was utilized to provide some general insights into the support of the Australian public for the sustainable use of wildlife species. Individuals in this sample were also asked about their attitudes to the use of wildlife species by Indigenous Australians, that is, Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders. The attitudes of those sampled were canvassed both about the use of wildlife species for subsistence purposes and for commercial gain by Indigenous Australians. While Indigenous Australians have been traditionally allowed to utilize wildlife species for subsistence purposes, in Australia they have been, in the main, restricted or banned from the sale of wildlife species or products derived from these. Nevertheless, the governments of the states and territories of Australia vary in their attitudes to the commercial use of wildlife species by Indigenous Australians. Most ban such use, but the government of the Northern Territory has, in recent times, been receptive to possibilities for the commercial use of wildlife species by Indigenous Australians. The motive for being supportive of this commercial use does not appear to be that it will provide incentives to conserve species that otherwise will be threatened by extinction, but rather to extend the economic opportunities available to Indigenous people living in remote regions and thereby help to reduce their socio-economic disadvantages compared to the remainder of the Australian population.
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