Europe as a Global Macro-Region
Edited by Kathy Pain and Gilles Van Hamme
The globalization phenomenon has been discussed and debated in the social sciences literature for over a decade. Both its existence and its meaning have been widely contested from different viewpoints and perspectives. Academic debate has focused most notably on whether globalization is really something new (for example, Veltz, 1996; Hirst and Thompson, 1996, 1999; Amin, 1997; Dicken et al., 1997; Chase-Dunn, 1999; Sklair, 1999; Cochrane and Pain, 2000; Held, 2000; Held and McGrew, 2000; Beaverstock et al., 2000; Sassen, 2007; Robinson, 2011). We may think this a purely theoretical debate but identifying what really is new about the current global era may help in understanding the profound changes that people and states are being swept up in, in Europe and across the world. This is the primary focus of this book. This book reports on the findings from a major two-and-a-half-year European Spatial Observation Network (ESPON) study - Territorial Impact of Globalization for Europe and its Regions ('TIGER') - which has set out to investigate the reality of the processes associated with contemporary globalization in Europe within a global context. Led by Gilles Van Hamme at the Université Libre de Bruxelles and funded by the European Commission, an international research team based in the UK, France, Bulgaria, Sweden and Belgium has together drawn on original data and evidence to critically analyse Europe's changing spatial relations in a fluid global context and their significance for territorial strategy.