A New Frontier in Cybercrime
This chapter discusses the international measures which have been put in place to prohibit unlawful Internet gambling. A critical assessment will outline how and why the present measures are inadequate, and direct criticism at international policy-makers for failing to properly assess the dangers of cybercrime and the gambling environment and the new problems associated with them. Cybercrime and gambling, cybercrime and virtual worlds, virtual worlds and gambling, all seem to be accepted as inevitable consequences of virtual worlds, social networking sites and online games, with little understanding of the causal relationships between these actions. Moreover, governments are failing to take action to put in place suitable and workable policies and regulations to protect people who enter these virtual worlds, social networks and online games. Virtual world gambling is an almost forgotten phenomenon, as will be seen in the discussion below. In the European Union, online gambling laws in the internal market are not harmonized. Each country has individual domestic laws and regulations to monitor and control online gambling. There are broadly two models of national regulation for online gambling: permitting gambling via state controlled licences, and strictly controlled monopolies (state-owned or privately owned). Which model is adopted depends on the regulatory stance of the host country. Issues arise with online gambling as gambling sites can cross national boundaries via the Internet, meaning that should issues arise jurisdiction is harder to define.
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