Paying the Polluter

Paying the Polluter

Environmentally Harmful Subsidies and their Reform

Edited by Frans H. Oosterhuis and Patrick ten Brink

Pledges to reform environmentally harmful subsidies (EHS) have increased over the past few years, at both global and national levels. Paying the Polluter addresses the most important issues to be considered when embarking upon these necessary reforms.

Chapter 11: Phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies worldwide

Anja von Moltke

Subjects: environment, environmental economics, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy


This chapter analyses the potential effects of and available tools for phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies, thereby focusing on the fossil fuels, agricultural and fisheries sector. The author revisits the status quo of environmentally harmful subsidies in the identified sectors. The analysis then proceeds to the assessment of existing global fora for subsidy reform, discussing the role of, inter alia, the UN system and the WTO, and pledging a closer coordination between relevant actors from different fields. Based on this assessment, the chapter addresses the identified challenges and outlines ways to overcome barriers in reforming harmful subsidies globally. The analysis is widely informed by successful precedents of subsidy reform at the national and regional level.

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