Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries

Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries

A Critical Assessment of the Clean Development Mechanism

Paula Castro

In this groundbreaking book, Paula Castro presents the first systematic categorization of positive and negative incentives generated by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for climate change mitigation in the Global South.

Chapter 7: Concluding remarks

Paula Castro

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, environmental economics, environment, climate change, environmental economics, environmental politics and policy


The goal of this book has been to take a critical view of the CDM by analyzing its potential effects on incentives for own climate change mitigation in the South. While mitigation efforts have historically been the domain of industrialized countries, it is now clear that in order to avoid dangerous climate change developing countries will need to contribute to the mitigation effort as well. In the words of Ross Garnaut: If per capita emissions are to fall to the required global average level in each country, emissions entitlements per person in developed countries will need to fall by around 90 percent. Emissions entitlements per person will need to fall substantially in some developing countries . . . It may be objected that these outcomes are unacceptable to developing countries, either because the international discussion of the 1990s assured them that they would not be required to make adjustments at a cost to themselves until the developed countries had reduced emissions by more than they have yet done; or because it is unfair that their economic development should have to carry a carbon cost burden that was not imposed on developed countries at earlier stages of their development.

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