Like many other developing countries energy demand in Pakistan is constantly increasing every year. According to the predictions made by the International Energy Agency developing countries will increase their share of global electricity consumption from 20.5 percent in 1999 to 35.8 percent in 2020.The energy need is expected to boost drastically in the future. Approximately 66 percent of the country’s energy is generated from fossil fuel. Pakistan is historically a net energy importer; it spent US$ 4.1 billion in the year 2004–05 on crude oil imports. Increasing prices of fuel in the international market and growing concerns of climate change encouraged Pakistan to explore the renewable energy sources. Geographically Pakistan is in a position to exploit wind and solar energy. The country has abundant wind and sun to generate energy. High-speed winds near its major centers have the potential to produce up to 346 gigawatts (GW) of electricity through wind energy. The capacity of solar photovoltaic power in Pakistan is estimated to be 1600 GW per year, enough to provide 3.5kWh of electricity. In March 2007, the president of Pakistan announced that renewable energy should be part of the push to increase energy supplies by 10 to 12 percent every year. The government has also set a target of 10 percent of energy to come from renewable resources by 2015.
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