The Protection of Geographical Indications

The Protection of Geographical Indications

Law and Practice

Elgar Intellectual Property Law and Practice series

Michael Blakeney

Geographical indications, or marks designating a product’s place of origin, are of huge economic value, and the laws designed to police and protect such designations are increasingly important and under scrutiny. This book is one of the first to offer a comprehensive and detailed examination of the European laws concerning the protection of geographical indications, and the application of those laws. Systematic attention is paid to the categories of geographical indication, including chapters on agricultural products and foodstuffs, wines, and spirits. Consideration is also given to enforcement mechanisms and the influence of the relevant provisions of the TRIPS agreement.


Michael Blakeney

Subjects: law - academic, intellectual property law, law -professional, intellectual property law


The first agricultural product quality policy measures, which incidentally dealt with GIs and designations of origin, were laid down in Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 of 10 June 1991 laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of aromatised wines, aromatised wine-based drinks and aromatised wine-product cocktails; Council Directive 2001/110/EC of 20 December 2001 relating to honey; Council Regulation (EC)No 247/2006 of 30 January 2006 laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union; Council Regulation (EC)No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed; Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs; Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 of 22 October 2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (Single CMO Regulation); Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products; and Regulation (EC)No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks. In addition to legislation dealing with agricultural quality, geographical indications and designations of origin were mentioned in a series of instruments concerned with the labelling of agricultural products and foodstuffs.

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