Practice and Prospects with the UNECE Agreements
The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (Air Pollution Convention) is remarkable for its longevity and success, in tackling one of the most challenging global environmental problems, the production and long-distance migration of harmful air pollutants. Since its adoption, Parties to the Convention have also negotiated eight Protocols dealing with specific aspects of air pollution. The Convention opened for signature on 13 November 1979 and entered into force four years later on 16 March 1983; it now has 51 Parties, including the USA and Canada. Two of the original signatories and Parties to the Convention were Russia and Turkey, whose territories cross Europe and Asia; since then the Caucasian and central Asian states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have all also ratified. Neither the Convention nor the Protocols are currently open to accession to states outside the UNECE.
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