Transboundary Environmental Governance in Asia

Transboundary Environmental Governance in Asia

Practice and Prospects with the UNECE Agreements

Simon Marsden and Elizabeth Brandon

A comprehensive overview of treaty implementation and compliance concerning transboundary environmental governance in Asia is provided in this timely book. Recent United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) membership by Asian states in the Caucasus and Central Asia has shifted focus on environmental governance away from its Euro-centric roots and placed Asia at the forefront of discussion. The focus of this book is centred on the five UNECE treaties: Public Participation, Environmental Impact Assessment, Industrial Accidents, Water and Air Pollution. Twelve related protocols are discussed including Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Civil Liability, Water and Health, and Air Pollutants.

Chapter 7: The Air Pollution Convention and Associated Protocols

Simon Marsden and Elizabeth Brandon

Subjects: asian studies, asian law, environment, environmental law, law - academic, asian law, environmental law, public international law, regulation and governance


The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (Air Pollution Convention) is remarkable for its longevity and success, in tackling one of the most challenging global environmental problems, the production and long-distance migration of harmful air pollutants. Since its adoption, Parties to the Convention have also negotiated eight Protocols dealing with specific aspects of air pollution. The Convention opened for signature on 13 November 1979 and entered into force four years later on 16 March 1983; it now has 51 Parties, including the USA and Canada. Two of the original signatories and Parties to the Convention were Russia and Turkey, whose territories cross Europe and Asia; since then the Caucasian and central Asian states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have all also ratified. Neither the Convention nor the Protocols are currently open to accession to states outside the UNECE.

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