Table of Contents

Research Handbook on European Social Security Law

Research Handbook on European Social Security Law

Research Handbooks in European Law series

Edited by Frans Pennings and Gijsbert Vonk

This Handbook encompasses four dimensions of European social security law: social security as a human right, standard setting in social security, the protection of mobile persons and migrants and the global context of European social security law. It pays attention to both EU law and to various instruments of the Council of Europe. In 25 chapters prominent experts analyse contemporary debates, discuss new challenges and point out further lines of research. Through this exploration, the Handbook provides a source of inspiration for the development of this special field of law.

Chapter 2: Growing apart together: Solidarity and citizenship in Europe

Dimitry Kochenov

Subjects: law - academic, european law, law and society


To provide a glimpse of the contemporary state of play in citizenship’s interaction with social solidarity in Europe, this chapter – following a brief introduction to citizenship’s arbitrary and exclusionary nature and the general dynamics in the development of the notion over the last decades – explores three problematic assumptions behind the popular approaches to the interaction between citizenship and social solidarity. The three points it makes are simple. (1) Citizenship is not necessarily directly connected to social solidarity and social rights. (2) The state is not a necessary arena of social solidarity. (3) Social rights do not require an elusive demos or national unity as a necessary precondition. The EU’s contribution to the complex picture of the framing of social solidarity in Europe is touched upon throughout this contribution. The conclusion is that the relationship between social solidarity and citizenship in the EU follows the global trend in full, rather than breaking it.

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