Table of Contents

Research Handbook on EU Consumer and Contract Law

Research Handbook on EU Consumer and Contract Law

Research Handbooks in European Law series

Edited by Christian Twigg-Flesner

Research Handbook on EU Consumer and Contract Law takes stock of the evolution of this fascinating area of private law to date and identifies key themes for future development of the law and research agendas. The Handbook is divided into three parts: first, authors examine a range of cross-cutting issues relevant to both consumer and contract law. The second part discusses specific topics on EU Consumer Law, and the final part focuses on a number of important subjects which remain current for the development of EU Contract Law.

Chapter 15: Services, including services of general interest

Eric Tjong Tjin Tai

Subjects: law - academic, consumer law, european law, law of obligations


Within private law, the notion of services as the object of a contract is a relatively recent development. There is still no consensus on the desirability of a general concept of service contract. In the classic framework of Roman law there were only specific nominate contracts, which did not include services as such. However, recent research and legislation has recognised to a certain extent the category of service contracts. Within European law such contracts are recognised explicitly. Goods and services are two of the 'four freedoms' of the European Union. In order to present the research on EU consumer and contract law regarding services, I will start by discussing the concept of services as such. This will be followed by a brief overview of current (national) private law doctrine regarding services. Next EU consumer and contract law regarding services is analysed. Finally I will discuss the category of services of general interest (SGIs). Financial services and travel contracts will be discussed only tangentially, as these are the subject of other chapters. I will identify some questions for future research.

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