Table of Contents

Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace

Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace

Research Handbooks in International Law series

Edited by Nicholas Tsagourias and Russell Buchan

This timely Research Handbook contains an analysis of various legal questions concerning cyberspace and cyber activities and provides a critical account of their effectiveness. Expert contributors examine the application of fundamental international law principles to cyberspace such as sovereignty, jurisdiction, state responsibility, individual criminal responsibility, and intellectual property rights. In addition to this, they explore the application of international law rules to cyber terrorism, cyber espionage, cyber crime, cyber attacks and cyber war and discuss the cyber security policies of international and regional institutions.

Chapter 15: Classifying cyber warfare

Louise Arimatsu

Subjects: law - academic, internet and technology law, public international law, regulation and governance, terrorism and security law


This chapter considers how the classification of armed conflict applies to cyber warfare. Classifying the particular conflict – in other words determining whether it is one fought between States or between a State and organized armed group or between such groups – is necessary to determine what body of law applies to the hostilities. The chapter considers whether the prospect of cyber warfare presents particular problems for classification.

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