Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out
Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden
A recent study of university students’ perceptions of successful male and female managers found that the ‘male as manager’ stereotype is alive and well (Paris and Decker, 2012). Over 50 years of research has been conducted on gender issues in management and very little has changed. Facebook’s Chief Operating Officer, Sheryl Sandberg, further drives this point home in an address to an audience at Harvard Business School. According to Sandberg (2013), ‘if current trends continue, fifteen years from today, about one-third of the women [in this audience] will be working full-time and almost all of you will be working for the guy you are sitting next to. . . . If you want the outcome to be different, you will have to do something about it’ (pp. 65–6). Currently, women comprise over 58 per cent and 60 per cent of US undergraduate and Master’s degree students respectively (US Department of Education, 2012). The number of women in higher education has also increased worldwide (Becker et al., 2010).