International Trade in Recyclable and Hazardous Waste in Asia

International Trade in Recyclable and Hazardous Waste in Asia

Edited by Michikazu Kojima and Etsuyo Michida

Little is known about the volume of international recycling in Asia, the problems caused and the struggle to properly manage the trade. This pathbreaking book addresses this gap in the literature, and provides a comprehensive overview of the international trade flow of recyclable waste in Asia and related issues.

Chapter 5: South Korea’s approach to transboundary waste management: experiences and lessons learned

Sungwoo Chung

Subjects: asian studies, asian economics, asian environment, economics and finance, asian economics, environmental economics, international economics, environment, asian environment, environmental economics


Countries take different positions in their policies on the movement of trans-boundary waste depending on their respective domestic waste–related situation. Asian countries such as China, Indonesia, and Vietnam actively take legal action to prohibit the import of hazardous waste for fear of pollution caused by improper treatment. In particular, for second-hand goods such as waste electrical and electronic equipment (waste EE equipment), a variety of policy positions are evident, ranging from a complete ban of imports to selective acceptance with consideration given to year of production. Overall then, awareness of the need for effective use of this trans-boundary waste and its hazard management is spreading. Since around 2004, the reduction of trade barriers for trans-boundary waste has been newly discussed from the perspective of promoting appropriate international resource circulation (Kojima 2011, p. 27).

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