Chapter 16: Water security or water ‘securities’? Increasing complexity in balancing of multiple goals in Spain
This chapter adopts the concept of water security as securing water for people and their livelihoods while safeguarding ecosystem services in Spain, which has a long history of engaging with water security. The chapter analyses water security from a Spanish perspective by focusing on the evolution of the concept, which has adapted over time to mirror socio-economic changes. The chapter looks at the different dimensions of water security relevant to the Spanish case: the potential impact of climate change; environmental water security through a review of the water body status determination under the EU Water Framework Directive; productive water security looking at the main issues in relation to agriculture as the dominant water consumptive sector; and finally water in human and political security, discussing allocation, transboundary aspects and regional conflicts over water.
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